What is a term consists of three words that can save our environment from global warming? Organic Waste Collection. Yes, that’s right. It can save our environment from the serious threat of global warming.
Before diving in the depths of the importance of the organic waste collection, let’s understand the term, “Organic Waste?.
All types of remains of plants, vegetable residue, and animal residue are considered as organic wastes. Yes, they are identified as wastes, but they are crucial in the perspective of the environment. When these organic wastes composted in the soil, they tend to increase the fertility and productivity of the soil.
A WASTE IS A WASTE, WHY ORGANIC WASTE SHOULDN’T BE WITH OTHER WASTE IN LANDFILL?
A very good question indeed. Why not? Why we preferred organic waste to be dumped separately from other wastes? The reason is scientific and hence logical as well.
Dumping organic waste in landfill has some serious consequences. The first and foremost consequence is when they decompose with ordinary garbage, they release heavy odour gas. This gas has the potential to increase global warming by up to 25% more than other garbage residues.
This is the reason, the organic waste collection is necessary. For the sake of our mother nature, we must collect all the organic waste and dump it separately underneath the ground. First, it will avoid the release of the poisonous gas and second, it will improve the quality of the soil. It will make soil healthy and fertile which yield better farming.
So, say no to the landfill of organic wastes.
WHAT CAN CLASSIFIED AS ORGANIC WASTE?
Before you start dumping rubbish underneath the ground, you need to have a clear understanding that which material is classified as organic waste. The following list of garbage is considered to be inorganic wastes,
- Lids & Coffee Creamer
- Glass & Plastic Bottles
- Bread tags
- Plastic Straws
- Product Labels
- Anything that is made from a non-biodegradable material such as plastic.
So, apart from that everything is organic? Broadly speaking yes, but when we narrow down our answers to specifics, then it is no, not everything.
These materials can be considered as organic wastes,
- Pre- and post-consumer food waste
- Paper products such as towels, tissues, napkins, cups and other soiled paper
- Plants and flowers
- Wood boxes
- Boxboard and cardboard, including wet as well as waxed
NOTE: The types of organic residuals accepted (as well as the format in which they can be received) varies between organics recycling facilities.
Why Is Composting Better?
Let’s know more about composting. It is a natural process of conversion of organic material into Humus or you can say Compost with the catalyst function of microorganisms.
For the composting process to work best, it is important that the micro-organisms have a continuous supply of food (ie. organic residuals), water and oxygen. Managing the temperature of the composting materials, as well as the amount of time that the process takes, is critical to success.
Types Of Composting
Composting can be done in many different ways. Types of composting range from residential or backyard composting to mid-scale and central municipal or industrial systems. Selecting the most suitable method depends on the amount and type of organic materials to be composted.
Residential or backyard composting means that an individual household composts most of its food and yard waste in a container located outside the home. Worm composting is a viable option to compost kitchen organic residuals indoors. At-home composting is the simplest and most cost-effective method because collection, transportation and processing costs are avoided.
However, not all food and yard waste can be managed so simply. Organic residuals from commercial sources, such as restaurants, supermarkets, apartment buildings and food manufacturers, need to be managed differently. This is where mid-scale and centralized composting fits in.
Both mid-scale and centralized composting involve significantly larger quantities and, often, a greater variety of organic residuals.
Mid-scale composting is the on-site management of organic residuals generated by a group of people, such as in an apartment complex, office building or hospital. This avoids the effort and costs involved in transporting organic residuals to another location. If your facility is interested in establishing an on-site composting process for your organics, you must devote the time to ensuring the availability of appropriate processing technology as well as be mindful of any regulatory requirements and operating resources to manage the ongoing composting process.
Centralized composting involves the collection and transportation of organic residuals from your place of operation to a special facility where they will be prepared and processed into compost.
Among the most common centralized organics recycling process technologies are:
- Windrows: Organic materials are placed in long triangular rows called windrows, turned and watered as required.
- Static Aerated Pile: Organic residuals are formed into windrows or piles over perforated pipes. Rather than the pile is turned, air is supplied through the pipes to support the composting process.
- In-Vessel: In-vessel systems are either fully or partially enclosed and can handle more material in a smaller space than windrow or static aerated piles. However, they tend to be a more costly approach. These systems provide better control of aeration, temperature and moisture, all of which result in faster decomposition. Although different in-vessel systems are available, the basic types are channels or troughs, containers, covers and rotating drums.
- Anaerobic Digesters are also used to manage organic residual materials. This process is managed in an oxygen-free (“anaerobic?) environment by micro-organisms that do not need oxygen. The length of time to digest the organic residuals varies depending on the technology used. The process produces digestate, methane and carbon dioxide. The methane is captured and converted into energy and following digestion, the organics, now in more of a pulp format can be taken for composting.
THE BENEFITS OF SEPARATE ORGANIC WASTE COLLECTION
Let’s first understand the importance of organic waste collection for our environment,
- As mentioned above, storing organic waste with regular waste release harmful gas that increases global warming on the planet. Composting organic wastes will stop the release of such harmful gases and increase the yielding power of the soil.
- As the deforestation is increasing which is leaving the soil bare. Recycling and composting the organic waste will increase the soil’s yielding power which a positive effect on the rainforests as well.
THE DIRECT BENEFITS OF COMPOSTING ORGANIC WASTE COLLECTION,
- As the soil quality will grow, you will see a steep increase in the growth rate of the soil.
- The farmers will be pleased with the increased production of crops.
- The usage of harmful pesticides will decrease which will increase the quality of plants and its products.
- Reduction in Soil-related diseases in plants.
So, as it is clearly visible that organic waste collection is a very efficient process to preserve the environment. There is no denying that it is very important for the environment and for the human being.
Always remember to dispose of organic wastes separately to support this method. If you have any input to make organic waste collection process more simple, mention that in comments. I will get back to you as soon as possible. Till then, have a good one mate.